Natural disasters happen all the time throughout the year and in some areas they are more common than others. Tornadoes, specifically, happen all over the mid-western and eastern states with a total of 935 tornadoes reported in the U.S. alone. Because roofing material is so exposed to the natural elements, it’s easy to see how tornadoes can likely be the cause of roofing damage when it comes to natural disasters. Here we will talk about which states are the most likely to experience tornadoes, the average cost of damage due to tornadoes and new materials that are being made to withstand the natural elements.
Which States Are Most Likely To Experience Tornadoes
The states that get hit by tornadoes the most are those that lie within what is called ‘Tornado Alley’. Tornado Alley is an ordinary term for the area of the United States where tornadoes frequent the most. This term was first used in 1952 as the title of a research project to study severe weather in the areas of Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Kansas, South Dakota, Iowa and Nebraska. The reason these states are most at risk is because Tornado Alley is full of warm, humid air from the equator that meets with cooler, dry air from Canada and the Rocky Mountains thus creating an ideal environment for tornadoes to form within developed thunderstorms and supercells. Newer research, however, is showing that tornado frequency has increased over a larger part of the U.S. Midwest, Southeast and parts of the Ohio Valley meaning that ‘Tornado Alley’ may be shifting from its previous position.
The Average Cost of Damage Due To Tornadoes
It’s been projected that every year in the U.S. tornadoes cause about 400 million dollars worth in damage. Tornadoes come from large thunderstorms that already have winds in rotation. When warm air collides with cooler, dry air the cold air is pushed over the warmer air producing a thunderstorm. Then, when the warm air rises through the colder air it causes an updraft thus creating a tornado. The more violent the thunderstorm, the more violent the tornado. They are capable of mass destruction with wind speeds that reach up to 300 mph. With winds like these, large buildings can be obliterated, trees uprooted and vehicles hurled hundreds of yards.
The most violent tornadoes are capable of tremendous destruction with wind speeds of up to 300 mph. They can destroy large buildings, uproot trees and hurl vehicles hundreds of yards and even suck the water from water passageways. It’s no wonder then that tornadoes of even lower calibers can cause costly repairs to the roofing of homes and businesses.
Materials Made To Withstand Nature’s Elements
When it comes to tornadoes there are no sure proof ways to prevent roofing from completely coming off of your home or even the structure of your home being completely tornado proof. The only possible way of ensuring your home stays in tack is making your home or business out of concrete which is not likely an option or desire for that matter. However, you can still choose the right materials for your home that will give you the best possible outcomes. Roofing shingles that are rated to ASTM are the highest level of wind rated shingles. These shingles have two screws per tile, providing for the best wind resistance. Metal roofing products and stone-coated steel shingles also work great when it comes to being tornado resistant. Compared to traditional roofing, these types of roofing materials will aid in strengthening and fortifying your existing roof. If you live in a tornado prone area, thinking about the materials your home is built out of is something you probably want to consider. Smaller tornadoes happen more often than the larger ones which will be what you’ll need to consider when thinking about the integrity of your roofing.
Natural disasters are serious things to consider when it comes to the location of your home. You want to protect your family and ensure that they have a safe place to bunker in case something like a tornado comes their way. Looking over your home to make sure that it is structurally sound is one way to ensure its integrity and safety for your family. Assessing your roofing materials should be one of the things that are considered in your home assessment.